This extra credit opportunity is worth 2 points of extra credit PER question on your Unit 5 Test.
Over four years after the start of the French Revolution, France descended into a period commonly known as the “Reign of Terror,” when over 16,000 people were executed for allegedly opposing the Revolution. The Reign of Terror began when the Committee of Public Safety took over the National Convention, the third government that had been established since the start of the French Revolution. The timeline below lists the governments and major reforms that were established under each.
Central Historical Question: Was the main goal of the Committee of Public Safety to “protect the Revolution from its enemies”?
Directions: Read Document A and B and then answer the questions provided.
Document A: Decree Against Profiteers (Modified)
In July 1793, faced with an angry and hungry population, the leaders of the Committee of Public Safety passed the “Decree Against Profiteers.” The law accused “profiteers” in the countryside of hoarding or monopolizing grain in order
to raise the price of bread.
26 July 1793
capital: punishable by death
monopoly: total control over something
commodities: things that can be bought or sold
Source: House of Lords Committee (Interviewer) & Holmes, E. (Interviewee). (1818).
Document B: Law of Suspects (Modified)
By September 1793, the leaders of the Committee of Public Safety faced growing counter-revolutionary uprisings and mounting fear of foreign invasion. They responded by passing the Law of Suspects, which established revolutionary courts to try anyone suspected of treason against the revolution.
Immediately after the publication of the present decree, all suspected persons within the territory of the Republic and still at liberty shall be placed in custody.
The following are deemed suspected persons:
certificates of patriotism: proof of patriotism required to serve in military
émigrés: people who leave their own country to settle in another, usually for
Source: Excerpt from Law of Suspects, passed September 1793.
1. According to the documents, who were the enemies of the Revolution and what did they do to deserve that title? Cite ONE piece of evidence from the documents.
2. According to the documents, what kinds of punishments were delivered to those who rebelled against the government? Cite ONE piece of evidence from the documents.
3. Evaluate the extent to which the Committee of Public Safety actually protected the Revolution from its enemies.
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